Commission staff working document Current position in EU Member States on foods for persons suffering from carbohydrate metabolism disorders (diabetes) - EU monitor

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Tekst

COUNCIL OF Brussels, 15 July 2008

THE EUROPEAN UNION

11836/08

DENLEG 96 SAN 147

COVER NOTE

from: Secretary-General of the European Commission,

signed by Mr Jordi AYET PUIGARNAU, Director date of receipt: 11 July 2008

to: Mr Javier SOLANA, Secretary-General/High Representative

Subject: Commission staff working document

Current position in EU Member States on foods for persons suffering from carbohydrate metabolism disorders (diabetes)

Delegations will find attached Commission document SEC(2008) 2296.

________________________

Encl.: SEC(2008) 2296

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES

Brussels, 10.7.2008 SEC(2008) 2296

COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT

CURRENT POSITION IN EU MEMBER STATES ON FOODS FOR PERSONS SUFFERING FROM CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM DISORDERS (DIABETES)

EN EN

CURRENT POSITION IN EU MEMBER STATES ON FOODS FOR PERSONS SUFFERING FROM CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM DISORDERS (DIABETES)

This document's aim is to contribute to comprehension of document COM(2008)392 i

Member Dietary advice Specific Compositional Indication “suitable for Foods on market State Regs standards diabetics”

Austria Follow healthy eating no no General provisions on Chocolate, biscuits and jams with advice tailored to dietetic foodstuffs apply. malitol, sorbitol or fructose.

individual needs

Belgium General guidelines and no no There are foods on the Chocolate, biscuits and jam with recommendations on a Belgian market with the sweeteners or fructose.

healthy diet. claim "suitable for diabetics". These foods were not notified under Article 9 of Directive 89/398/EEC i.

Czech They recommend lowyes no In addition to the rules on Shops contain 'dia' sections, i.e. shelves Republic energy products for labelling of foods for reserved for products designated as 'dia',

diabetics particular nutritional uses, e.g. chocolate, sweeteners, jams, the following shall be biscuits.

included:

"also suitable for diabetics in the framework of an established dietary regime" or "suitable for diabetics"

Member Dietary advice Specific Compositional Indication “suitable for Foods on market State Regs standards diabetics”

Denmark Advice for patients no no In accordance with § 84 of Products sweetened with non-calorific with type 2 diabetes is Order No 741 of 9 August sweeteners may be useful if the fat same as healthy eating 2000 on labelling, foods content in the product is reduced by at advice for general cannot be labelled as least 30% compared to corresponding population. “suitable for diabetics”. It is products sweetened with sugar.

Follow the Danish opinion that However, these products are not recommendations of specific diabetic products considered as foods for special dietary

DNSG of EASD. are not scientifically uses. justified.

The Danish Authorities believe that The Danish Diabetes foods with sucrose replaced by fructose, Association wants polyols or other nutritive sweeteners compulsory nutrition have no substantial advantages over labelling, which would foods sweetened with sucrose, and their make it possible for use is discouraged. Such foods are diabetics to choose products considered as ordinary foodstuffs. that suit their individual requirements.

Member Dietary advice Specific Compositional Indication “suitable for Foods on market State Regs standards diabetics”

Estonia Diabetics are advised no no Food may be labelled with a Confectionery products, milk-based to follow a healthy diet claim that the product is desserts, bakery products. Instead of in the same way as the suitable for diabetics. In that sucrose these products contain fructose general population, case the food is considered or sweeteners.

tailored to individual to be a food intended for needs. particular nutritional uses and the competent authority has to be notified not later than the day of placing such food on the market.

Finland Same healthy eating no no No specific products but “light” – low advice as for general fat or products with sweeteners – make population. Follow it easier to achieve the national dietary recommendations of intake recommendations.

DNSG of EASD

France Same healthy eating Decree 91- The Decree specifies Labelling and advertising Foods presented as being specifically advice as for general 827 (as requirements for may indicate “the product intended for people who need to follow population. Tailored as amended) reduced carbohydrate may be advised by a a low-carbohydrate diet. Also “lownecessary to meet content and medical doctor for use as carbohydrate” foods which are normal needs of the sweeteners that can part of the diet of certain foods in which sucrose has been partly individual. be marketed as diabetics”. Any other or completely replaced by sweeteners, suitable for use in a wording concerning polyols or artificial sweeteners (comply low-carbohydrate diabetes or diabetics is with provisions of Directive on diet. forbidden. sweeteners 94/35/EC and Directive on nutrition labelling 90/496/EC).

Member Dietary advice Specific Compositional Indication “suitable for Foods on market State Regs standards diabetics”

Germany Advice follows Verordnun The legislation Only if they comply with German dietetic food producer recommendations of g über defines sweeteners compositional standard. organisation lists nearly 2000 food DNSG of EASD diätetische that may be used. products as suitable for diabetics. Some Lebensmitt Bread intended for are products such as fats and cheese that el § 12. diabetics has do not have specific labelling. Products arestricted energy with specific labelling include bakery content and beer has products, jams, chocolate, sweets, restricted desserts and milk products containing carbohydrate content. fructose and/or sugar alcohols instead of sucrose. The list also includes foods with artificial sweeteners – milk products, desserts and alcohol-free drinks (some contain fructose).

Greece Follow no no Do not recommend the use of special recommendations of foods.

DNSG of EASD Member Dietary advice Specific Compositional Indication “suitable for Foods on market

State Regs standards diabetics”

Hungary Same healthy eating yes yes Must comply with general Pasta, bakery products, cakes, biscuits advice as for general rules on labelling and also and confectionery products, ice-cream,

population. Advice In the case of pasta, with the specific rules on jam, chocolates, nougats, sugar-free follows bakery products, labelling of foods for drops, sugar-free and energy-free soft recommendations of cakes, biscuits and particular nutritional uses. drinks, tabletop sweeteners, coffee and

DNSG of EASD confectionery products the The following indications cacao drinks, fruit nectars and drinks

carbohydrate content are in use: with reduced energy and carbohydrate

must be at least 30%

lower compared to a – "Diabetic" jam.,

content.

similar product and, bread,..

in the case of other – Jam, bread,.. "for foods, at least 50%. diabetics"

Chocolates can – "Can be consumed contain – as added by diabetics"

sugar – only fructose. The products must not contain added monoand disaccharides and the natural mono- and disaccharide content must not exceed 3% m/m.

Member Dietary advice Specific Compositional Indication “suitable for Foods on market State Regs standards diabetics”

Italy No specific advice no no Products authorised on a Pasta, biscuits case-by-case basis. For

example, pasta and biscuits with high content of soluble fibre and on appropriate fat components. Products containing sweeteners (especially polyols) are regarded as normal foods and cannot make a claim.

Ireland Follow healthy eating no no Jams, cakes, biscuits, breads, advice tailored to chocolates.

individual needs

Portugal Same healthy eating no no Some products authorised as Some ordinary foodstuffs with reduced advice as for general foodstuffs intended for energy content and with sucrose population, tailored to special nutritional purposes. replaced by fructose, polyols or the needs of each Most are intended for artificial sweeteners are marketed as individual. enteral nutrition and are “suitable for diabetics” but there is no foods for special medicinal legislation.

purposes.

Member Dietary advice Specific Compositional Indication “suitable for Foods on market State Regs standards diabetics”

Slovak Same healthy eating yes A product is regarded Only if they comply with Cereals, cakes, biscuits, chocolates, Republic advice as for general as being for diabetics compositional standard. jams.

population if:

Fat and carbohydrate

content as energy Labelling of the products for value is reduced by at diabetics must also include:

least 30% compared energy value, protein, fat to a corresponding and utilisable carbohydrate product and if content, vitamin and mineral content of animal content, information on proteins, cholesterol origin and type of and salt is reduced. carbohydrates.

Can also include:

Information on origin and type of carbohydrates

Symbol "red stripe" Member Dietary advice Specific Compositional Indication “suitable for Foods on market

State Regs standards diabetics”

Slovenia Advice follows no no National regulations apply The Slovene Authorities believe that recommendations of for specific claims on the foods with sucrose replaced by fructose, DNSG of EASD absence or reduction of total polyols or other nutritive sweeteners fat, saturated fat, have no substantial advantages over cholesterol, sugar, salt foods sweetened with sucrose, and their use is discouraged. Such foods are considered as ordinary foodstuffs. Also, the use of products sweetened with noncalorific sweeteners is discouraged when this means that energy and total fat density of these products is increased. But the free market allows for chocolate, biscuits, jams, sweets, dairy products labelled as "suitable for diabetics".

Member Dietary advice Specific Compositional Indication “suitable for Foods on market State Regs standards diabetics”

Spain Real Regulation specifies Only permitted when in Biscuits, cakes and other bakery and Decreto reductions in compliance with confectionery products; marmalade and 1685/1976 carbohydrate content compositional standard. jams; nougat and marzipan; chocolates, of 16 compared to normal ice-creams.

October, foods (23% m/m less

-Art 18- than normal foods). As natural

sweeteners, only fructose is allowed. The fat content must not exceed the fat content of the similar normal product. Also specifies certain labelling requirements.

Sweden Same healthy eating no no 1/1/83 the National Food Ordinary foods with reduced sugar advice as for general Administration stated that and/or energy content may be useful but population. no food could be sold as not considered as foods for special Overweight “suitable for diabetics”. dietary uses.

individuals need to Considered that the claim

reduce energy intake could be misleading and National regulations apply for specific and increase physical may undermine the dietary claims on the absence of sugar (10 § the

activity. advice. ordinance on nutrient declaration SLVFS 1993:21 give conditions for

Advice follows voluntary claims on sugar content of

recommendations of products).

DNSG of EASD

Member Dietary advice Specific Compositional Indication “suitable for Foods on market

State Regs standards diabetics”

United Same healthy eating no no The UK considers that foods Chocolate, toffee, fudge, truffles, sweets Kingdom advice as for general labelled as "suitable for and biscuits.

population, to avoid diabetics" do not comply becoming overweight with the requirements for and to take part in food for particular regular physical nutritional use. Use of claim activity. "suitable for diabetics" is not specifically prohibited but must comply with general provisions prohibiting false and misleading claims, and rules on labelling of foods for particular nutritional uses.

 
 

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