Early estimates of CO2 emissions from energy use In 2013, CO2 emissions in the EU28 estimated to have decreased by 2.5% compared with 2012 - EU monitor

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ESTAT-2002-11059-00-00-EN-TRA-00 (FR)

eurostat H newsrelease

STAT/14/74 7 May 2014

Early estimates of CO2 emissions from energy use

In 2013, CO2 emissions in the EU28 estimated to have decreased by 2.5% compared with 2012

Eurostat estimates that in 2013 carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased by 2.5% in the EU28, compared with the previous year, after a fall of 1.6%1 in 2012. CO2 emissions are a major contributor to global warming and account for around 80% of all EU greenhouse gas emissions. They are influenced by factors such as climate conditions, economic growth, size of the population, transport and industrial activities2. Various EU energy efficiency initiatives aim to reduce emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases. It should also be noted that imports and exports of energy products have an impact on CO2 emissions in the country where fossil fuels are burned: for example if coal is imported this leads to an increase in emissions, while if electricity is imported, it has no direct effect on emissions in the importing country, as these would be reported in the exporting country where it is produced.

Today, Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, publishes early estimates3 of CO2 emissions from energy use for 2013, only four months after the end of the reference year.

CO2 emissions fell in twenty-two Member States in 2013

In 2013, the Member State with the highest level of CO2 emissions in absolute terms was Germany (760 million tons), followed by the United Kingdom (455 mn tons), France (346 mn tons), Italy (342 mn tons), Poland (290 mn tons), Spain (224 mn tons) and the Netherlands (162 mn tons). These seven Member States accounted together for 77% of total EU28 CO2 emissions in 2013.

Eurostat estimates that from 2012 to 2013 CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased in nearly all Member States, except Denmark (+6.8%), Estonia (+4.4%), Portugal (+3.6%), Germany (+2.0%), France (+0.6%) and Poland (+0.3%). The largest decreases were recorded in Cyprus (-14.7%), Romania (-14.6%), Spain (-12.6%), Slovenia (-12.0%), Bulgaria and Greece (both -10.2%).

Change in CO2 emissions, 2013/2012 (2013 estimated)

CO2 emissions from energy use

 
 

in 1000 tons CO2

Change 2013/2012

2012*

2013 estimate

in absolute terms (1000 tons CO2)

in %

EU28

3 438 893

3 351 849

-87 045

-2.5%

Belgium

87 632

87 372

-260

-0.3%

Bulgaria

46 272

41 570

-4 702

-10.2%

Czech Republic

99 380

96 497

-2 883

-2.9%

Denmark

37 653

40 222

2 569

6.8%

Germany

745 194

759 926

14 731

2.0%

Estonia

17 521

18 291

769

4.4%

Ireland**

35 502

34 160

-1 342

-3.8%

Greece

85 268

76 614

-8 655

-10.2%

Spain

256 452

224 052

-32 400

-12.6%

France

343 544

345 741

2 196

0.6%

Croatia

16 500

16 226

-273

-1.7%

Italy

365 509

341 503

-24 005

-6.6%

Cyprus

6 500

5 547

-953

-14.7%

Latvia

6 685

6 404

-281

-4.2%

Lithuania

11 480

10 819

-661

-5.8%

Luxembourg

10 100

9 723

-377

-3.7%

Hungary

42 640

39 717

-2 923

-6.9%

Malta

2 701

2 518

-184

-6.8%

Netherlands

162 447

162 039

-409

-0.3%

Austria

60 583

59 289

-1 294

-2.1%

Poland

289 288

290 219

931

0.3%

Portugal

45 280

46 919

1 639

3.6%

Romania

74 292

63 419

-10 873

-14.6%

Slovenia

14 746

12 982

-1 764

-12.0%

Slovakia

27 211

25 518

-1 692

-6.2%

Finland

44 376

43 129

-1 248

-2.8%

Sweden***

38 118

36 511

-1 607

-4.2%

United Kingdom

466 019

454 924

-11 095

-2.4%

  • Official 2012 data as reported to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

** Include some Eurostat estimates

*** 2013 estimate based on partly provisional data

  • 1. 
    As regards the reliability of the early estimates, comparison of 2012 estimates for the EU27 with final figures showed that CO2 emissions fell by 1.6%, compared with an estimate of 2.1%. However estimates differed for some Member States by larger amounts.

For further information on data:

Issued by: Eurostat Press Office

Louise CORSELLI-NORDBLAD Tel: +352-4301-33 444 eurostat-pressoffice@ec.europa.eu

Michael GOLL Tel: +352-4301-32 782 michael.goll@ec.europa.eu

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