The representatives of the governments of the member states today appointed three judges to the Court of Justice of the European Union.
Mr Andreas Kumin (Austria) was appointed as judge to the Court of Justice from the date of entry of force of today's decision until 6 October 2024. His appointment completes the 2018 partial renewal of the composition of the Court of Justice, which saw the term of office of 14 judges and 5 advocates-general expire on 6 October 2018.
Ms Tuula Pynnä (Finland) and Ms Ramona Frendo (Malta) were appointed as judges to the General Court.
The term of office of Ms Pynnä will run from 1 September 2019 to 31 August 2022. She will take up her post in the context of the third phase of the reform of the General Court. After the completion of this last stage of the reform, the General Court will be made up of two judges from each member state.
Ms Frendo will replace Mr Peter George Xuereb, who took up duties as judge at the Court of Justice in October 2018. She has been appointed to the General Court from the date of entry of force of today's decision for the remainder of the term of office ending on 31 August 2019.
The Court of Justice of the European Union consists of two courts: the Court of Justice and the General Court.
The judges and advocates-general are appointed by common accord of the governments of the member states after consultation of a panel responsible for giving an opinion on prospective candidates' suitability to perform the duties concerned. They are chosen from among individuals whose independence is beyond doubt. For appointment to the Court of Justice, the candidates must possess the qualifications required for appointment, in their respective countries, to the highest judicial offices, or be jurisconsults of recognised competence. For appointment to the General Court, they must possess the ability required for appointment to high judicial office.